RATIONALE FOR ADVENTURE

This adventure will provide Webelos Scouts with an introduction to the skills and responsibilities of a first responder. Activities will cover essential personal safety and first-aid skills.

TAKEAWAYS FOR CUB SCOUTS

  • Essential first-aid skills
  • Essential personal safety skills
  • Understanding of the role of the first responder in the local community
  • A Scout is brave, courteous. [Webelos Character Compass]

ADVENTURE REQUIREMENTS (Webelos Handbook, page 58)

Do all of these:

  1. Explain what first aid is. Tell what you should do after an accident.
  2. Show what to do for the hurry cases of first aid:
    a. Serious bleeding
    b. Heart attack or sudden cardiac arrest
    c. Stopped breathing
    d. Stroke
    e. Poisoning
  3. Show how to help a choking victim.
  4. Show how to treat for shock.
  5. Demonstrate that you know how to treat the following:
    a. Cuts and scratches
    b. Burns and scalds
    c. Sunburn
    d. Blisters on the hand and foot
    e. Tick bites
    f. Bites and stings of other insects
    g. Venomous snakebite
    h. Nosebleed
    i. Frostbite
  6. Put together a simple home first-aid kit. Explain what you included and how to use each item correctly.
  7. Create and practice an emergency readiness plan for your home or den meeting place.
  8. Visit with a first responder.

NOTES TO DEN LEADER

The den outing will take place first in this adventure, to provide context and inspiration for the other two meetings. Plan at least one month in advance for a den visit to an EMS station, fire department, emergency room, or other emergency first-aid service agency (requirement 8). Make sure to share with the service you are working with the requirements of the adventure and discuss how they can support them.

You will need to schedule the outing in advance. Submit a tour and activity plan, if required, and work with families to plan transportation to and from the location. Make sure activity consent forms are distributed, signed, and collected.

See the Appendix for optional den meeting activities, including openings, gatherings, and closings.

Meeting1DenOuting

PREPARATION AND MATERIALS NEEDED

  • Identify an EMS station, fire department, emergency room, or other emergency first-aid service agency in your community to visit with the Webelos Scouts. You should plan on contacting the service at least a month ahead of time to schedule the visit.
  • Make transportation arrangements with families, and confirm who will attend, when you plan to go, where you will meet, and what the Webelos should wear or bring. Submit a tour and activity plan, if required. Secure signed activity consent forms.
  • Unit den leader should have in possession (if required by local council practices) the tour and activity plan and a copy of the Guide to Safe Scouting.
  • An alternative may be to have an emergency first responder visit the den meeting. Provide the guest or host with a copy of the First Responder adventure requirements to prepare them for their visit.
  • Index cards with suggested questions (see Gathering) and blank cards for the Scouts to write their own questions.
  • Have thank-you notes prepared for Scouts to sign and give to anyone who helps with the outing.

GATHERING

  • Review any questions the Webelos want to ask to make sure all are appropriate. Pass out blank index cards so each boy can write down his question and remember to ask it. Consider having these questions on hand, too:
    — What types of first aid do the first responders provide?
    — What is the most important thing a first responder should do when he or she arrives on the scene?
    — What are their greatest challenges?
    — What can the community do to help them?
    — In what ways is a first responder brave?
    — How can a person train to become a first responder? Will being a Scout help to prepare me?
    — What are some ways we can keep ourselves and others safe?
    — How can we apply what we are learning here to emergencies at home?

OPENING

  • Introduce the First Responder adventure to the den.
  • Emphasize that “a Scout is courteous,” and they should be on their best behavior. Also “a Scout is helpful”; today, they will learn how first responders are helpful citizens. Finally, “a Scout is obedient” to the rules of any place he enters.

TALK TIME

  • Carry out business items for the den.
  • Allow time for sharing among Webelos Scouts.

ACTIVITIES

  • Have Webelos introduce themselves to the staff member(s) who will be guiding the visit. An appropriate greeting might be as simple as, “Hello, my name is . . .”
  • Tell the guide that the boys have questions they would like to ask after the session.

CLOSING

  • Have Scouts give their thank-you notes to anyone who helped with the outing. They might also express appreciation with a handshake, den yell, or applause.
  • Tell the boys that as this adventure continues, they will learn some of the same skills used by the first responders they met today. They should think about ways that a first responder serves his or her community as a good citizen, and how they can be “helpful” to their community by learning what to do in an emergency.

AFTER THE MEETING

  • Serve refreshments, if desired. If appropriate, sharing refreshments with the first responders would be a nice gesture.
  • Record completion of requirement 8.

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Meeting2Plan

PREPARATION AND MATERIALS NEEDED

  • U.S. and den flags
  • Four index cards (Gathering)
  • Set of scenario cards for the two Role-Play games (Activities 1 and 2)
  • Materials for the Hurry Cases game (Activity 2): bandages and other first-aid supplies
  • Prepare the den chief and several adult volunteers to serve as helpers, “patients,” and “accident victims” in the Hurry Cases game.

GATHERING

  • As Scouts arrive for the meeting, divide them into groups of two or three and give each group an index card with one of these words: strong, calm, clear, and careful. Each group will huddle for a while and create a brief skit for the Opening that illustrates this way of showing bravery.
  • You may wish to put the den chief in charge of this activity. If you have a small den, the den chief may also join one of the teams.

OPENING

  • Conduct a flag ceremony of your choosing that includes the Pledge of Allegiance and the Scout Law.
  • Say: In this meeting, we will learn that first responders are ALWAYS prepared. An important part of being prepared is to be BRAVE. Let’s look at some skits to figure out what we need to do to be brave.
  • As each group acts out its way of showing they are brave, ask the other Webelos: Are they being strong? Or calm? Or clear? Or careful? If necessary, guide the boys toward the correct answer. Then have them explain how the skit demonstrated that virtue.
  • When the skits are finished, have the Scouts chant the four ways to show bravery: Be strong! Remain calm! Give clear information! Be careful!
  • Remind the den of the traditional Scout motto: Be Prepared. Then lead them in a cheer; say, “Scouts, be prepared!” The Webelos will answer, “We are prepared!”
  • Lead the den in this song (to the tune of “Row, Row, Row Your Boat”):

Be, be, be prepared,
Always a good Scout!
Strong, calm, clear, and careful.
This is what we’re about!

TALK TIME (REQUIREMENT 1)

  • Carry out business items for the den.
  • Allow time for sharing among Webelos Scouts.
  • Ask: In what ways did the first responders you met last week serve as models for good citizenship? What did you learn from their example? Have Scouts explain their answers.
  • Start with a question: Who can tell us something about the first responders outing last week? Invite all the Scouts to reply; each answer should be listened to respectfully.
  • Now ask: What do you think FIRST AID really means? Key takeaway: First aid is knowing what to do FIRST to AID in cases of injury or medical emergencies.
  • Divide Webelos into three groups, and give each group a card with one of these scenarios:
    — There has been an accident! What must you do to help?
    — You are told to get help in an emergency. How will you do that?
    — Someone asks you to call 911 or the emergency number in your area. What are the main things you must tell the 911 operator?
  • Give the groups two minutes to huddle and decide on an answer. Then they will share it with the rest of the den.

ACTIVITIES: ROLE-PLAY GAMES

These games allow Webelos to put into practice what they learned during the Talk Time. Create a set of scenario cards that briefly describe accidents or other incidents that require a 911 call and/or an EMS response. You may also use pictures to illustrate the scenes.

Icon Activity 1: Getting Help

As den leader, you will play the role of a 911 operator. In turn, give each Scout a cellphone and a scenario card, and have him answer your questions (see script in Meeting 2 Resources).

Icon Activity 2: Hurry Cases (Requirements 2, 3, and 4)

Now divide the Scouts into new teams and have them act out the Hurry Cases scenarios in Meeting 2 Resources, using the bandages and other materials you collected.

CLOSING

  • Gather the Webelos in a friendship circle. Starting with the denner and moving right, have each Scout mention a way that first responders are “helpful” or “brave.”
  • Then close with the cheer they learned in the Opening: “Scouts, be prepared!” “We are prepared!”

HouseGamesTigersPlayDo-at-Home Project Reminder:
Before Meeting 3, Webelos will work with their families to establish a simple emergency plan: How can they escape their homes in case of a fire or other emergency, and where should they assemble? The Scouts will share their plans next week

AFTER THE MEETING

  • Serve refreshments, if desired.
  • Work together to clean up the meeting place.
  • Record completion of requirements 1, 2, 3, and 4.

Meeting2Resources

ACTIVITIES: ROLE-PLAY GAMES

Icon Activity 1: Getting Help

Scout pretends to dial 911.

Operator: What is your emergency?

Scout responds, reading from his scenario card. Then he answers the following questions, one at a time:

Operator: What is your name? What number are you calling from? Where are you located? Where are the nearest cross streets [or, in a rural area, significant landmarks]? Is anyone hurt?

After all questions have been answered:

Operator: OK, we will send help. Please stay on the line.

After each Scout has had his turn, ask the den: What went well? What could we do better? Why was it important to practice this?

Icon Activity 2: Hurry Cases (Requirements 2, 3, and 4)

  • Divide the Webelos into teams of two or three. The teams will rotate through stations representing the five hurry case scenarios in the Webelos Handbook as well as choking and shock incidents so they can learn how to cope with each emergency.
  • Have a copy of the handbook at each station for reference. The den chief and adult volunteers can serve as helpers, patients, and accident victims at the following stations:
    — An accident victim is bleeding severely. (Food coloring or red markers on paper towels can simulate the blood.)
    — Someone has suffered a heart attack or sudden cardiac arrest.
    — A patient’s breathing has stopped.
    — Another patient is showing symptoms of a stroke.
    — An empty cleaner bottle or pill container is found near a person who is severely vomiting.
    — Someone has been eating, then suddenly seems unable to speak and raises his hand to his throat (the international sign for choking).
    — An accident victim shows symptoms of shock: cool and clammy skin, nausea, and feeling faint.

Meeting3Resources

PREPARATION AND MATERIALS NEEDED

  • Materials for home first-aid kits (Gathering; see requirement 6 in the Webelos Handbook)
  • Prepare the den chief and several adult volunteers to serve as helpers, “patients,” and “accident victims” in the First Responder Relay (Activity 1). Print the tips and instructions for each emergency station (see Meeting 3 Resources).
  • Ball to toss (Closing)

GATHERING (REQUIREMENT 6)

  • Put together a sample first-aid kit and put it on a table with all the materials laid out. As Scouts arrive, have them assemble their own kits based on the instructions in the Webelos Handbook.
  • In addition, you might provide sample items for car and personal first-aid kits (also in the handbook). Explain how each item might be useful in an emergency.

OPENING

  • Conduct a flag ceremony of your choosing that includes the Pledge of Allegiance and the Scout Law.

TALK TIME

  • Carry out business items for the den.
  • Allow time for sharing among Webelos Scouts.

ACTIVITIES

Icon Activity 1: First Responder Relay (Requirement 5)

  • Divide the den into teams of two or three boys and set up 12 different “emergency stations” around a large space. At each station, the den chief and adult volunteers will present a scenario and assist the first responders in taking action, based on directions in the Webelos Handbook.
  • Depending on your meeting place, the Scouts may go from room to room, around a gymnasium, or along the trail at a park. Be sure to arrange for volunteers who can serve as “patients” or “accident victims” and assist the den chief as he keep things moving. If necessary, the same persons can do this at multiple stations. Make sure to give them the index cards with tips and instructions for each station. (See “Realistic First-Aid Instructions” below. The more you can do to make the scenarios seem real, the more the Scouts will learn from them. If you wish, each scenario can present a specific incident, e.g., a kitchen accident, auto wreck, knife wound, and so on.)
  • Introduce the three “c’s”: CHECK, CALL, and CARE. At each station, the Scouts must first CHECK to see what happened and if it is a life-threatening situation or hurry case. Then they must CALL for help and CARE for the patient or accident victim using the first-aid kits they made in the Gathering.

Icon Activity 2: First-Aid Game

Have Scouts play this fun game, if time allows:

Pressure Pad Relay

  • Divide the den into two teams.
  • One member of each team is the “victim,” who has arterial bleeding from his left wrist.
  • On a signal, the first boy in each team runs to the victim and applies direct pressure to the wound, using his neckerchief as a pad.
  • When his technique is correct (see the Webelos Handbook), the judge (den leader or den chief) yells, “Off!” The boy removes the pad, runs back to his team, and tags the next member. The first team to finish wins.

CLOSING

  • Gather the Webelos in a circle. Have them toss a ball at random across the circle. As each Scout catches the ball, he says something he learned at this meeting about being a first responder, then tosses the ball to another Scout. Continue until each boy has his turn.
  • Close with the “Be Prepared” cheer from Meeting 2.

AFTER THE MEETING

  • Serve refreshments, if desired.
  • Work together to clean up the meeting place.
  • Record completion of requirements 5, 6, and 7.

Meeting3Resources

ACTIVITIES

Activity 1: First Responder Relay (Requirement 5)

FirstResponder1

FirstResponder2

FirstResponder3

REALISTIC FIRST-AID SUGGESTIONS
Use the following materials to make make-believe injuries look more realistic during first-aid practice: deep red and light red lipstick; cosmetic blusher; black wax crayon; “blood” mixture of red food coloring, powdered cocoa, and water; blue chalk or eye shadow; white glue or rubber cement; white eye shadow or glycerin and water solution (equal amounts) in an atomizer or squeeze bottle. Have the “victim” dress in old clothes so his uniform doesn’t get stained.

  • Outline a “cut” with deep red lipstick. Fill in the area with heavy lipstick application. Drop “blood” onto the cut.
  • To simulate the appearance of a serious cut, first build up the “skin” with white glue. When it has dried considerably, make a groove down the middle and add “blood.”
  • Apply makeup sparingly.
  • Simulate abrasions with a little blue eye shadow. This is the “bruise.” Smear some glue onto the “injured” area. Let it dry a bit, and then roughen it with a dull kitchen knife. Finish off with a little “blood.”
  • Simulate a simple burn by applying some blusher to the “injured” area. For a second-degree burn, simulate blisters by applying a little glue to the area. For third-degree burns, simulate charred skin by applying black crayon to the “injured” area. Then apply a light red lipstick and smear on glue. Let it dry a little, and then roughen it with a dull kitchen knife.
  • Simulate the ashen face of a shock victim by applying white eye shadow or white chalk. Work in the color for a smooth, pale complexion. Blend in blue eye shadow lightly over and under the eyes and then more heavily on lips and ear lobes.
  • Simulate clammy skin by spraying glycerin and water solution onto the upper lip and forehead.
  • You can use makeup for all kinds of cuts and bruises, such as an injured cheek, forehead, or lip.
  • The first-aid practice will be more effective if the “victims” behave as if they were really in pain or dazed by injuries.

FirstResponderToonUpon completion of the First Responder adventure, your Webelos Scouts will have earned the adventure pin shown here. Make sure they are recognized for their completion by presenting the adventure pins, to be worn on their uniforms, as soon as possible according to your pack’s tradition.

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